Restorative dentistry deals with the treatment and restoration of dental and oral tissues. This branch of dentistry mainly aims to protect natural teeth as much as possible. Dental treatments for children mainly involves this treatment. Other dental disciplines included in restorative dentistry of patient is:
- Prevention and treatment of diseases affecting gums
- Root canal treatment
- Replacement of decayed or damaged teeth
Before treatment procedure, the dentist examines the area to be restored using x-rays. The x-ray reports provide proper view of the condition of teeth. At the time of treatment, a jelly-like substance is used numb the gums and area to be treated. Afterwards, an injection of local anesthesia is given to the patient. It provides a comfortable and painless feeling during treatment. The various treatment procedures included in restoration dentistry are:
Pulmotomy basically deals with nerve treatment. Infection or decay in the tooth often causes damage to the nerves or pulp of the teeth. In this procedure, the upper part of nerve and cavity is, initially,cleaned using a special drill. Depending upon the severity, either complete or partial part of nerve is removed. A stainless steel crown is used to fill the remaining portion.
- Stainless Steel Crowns
Children are often seen to have improperly formed primary molars. This causes fracture or decay in the teeth. Stainless steel crowns are used to protect the remaining part of the teeth. This procedure is mainly done after pulpotomy treatment. The crown is fit to the empty space until permanent teeth appears. The whole of this procedure takes about 30 minutes.
- Silver or White Fillings
Silver or white fillings are used to replace the empty space or cavity of decayed tooth. In the beginning, the decayed area of the tooth is removed by a special dental drill. Amalgam (silver fillings) or white fillings are then used to fill the area of decayed tooth.
Extraction of tooth literally means pulling a tooth outside. Tooth extraction for a child may be needed for many reasons. It includes severe tooth infection, large cavity, or tooth spacing problem. The extraction process mainly takes about 20 minutes.
- Space Maintainers
A space maintainer is used to save the place for permanent tooth. It is mainly used if primary molars are lost early or never appears. However, they are for temporary use. It is removed once the teeth becomes erupt.
The patient is expected to go home after few hours of treatment procedure. The sedation may cause a drooling feeling inside the mouth. This will be normal after few hours. Intake of prescribed medications to relieve any pain or discomfort is essential. Soft and cool food items should be included in the diet. It may take about 1-2 weeks for complete recovery.
Rarely, some complications may occur after treatment. They include:
- Severe pain and fever
- Bleeding of gums
- Biting down on the lips