Prosthodontics is a branch of dentistry which basically aims to replace lost or damaged teeth with artificial materials. The artificial materials used are dentures, oral and facial prosthesis, and dental implants. It involves diagnosis and treatment of missing teeth and oral and maxillofacial tissues. It aims to restore an overall oral function, appearance and comfort of patients. This dentistry branch is also known as prosthetic dentistry or dental prosthetics.
Who Is A Prosthodontist?
A prosthodontist is a dentist who provides creative methods to restore and replace teeth. Unlike, other dental specialist, prosthodontist receive an extra 2 or 3 years training. The training is usually achieved through a university based program or hospital. The training sessions include basic reviews of literature, treatment procedures, lectures, and laboratory practice. A prosthodontist works to retain a flawless appearance and function of smile.
Good Candidate for Prosthodontics
An ideal candidate who wants a reconstructive dental treatment should have following requirements:
- Need of a dental implants to replace missing teeth
- Problem in jaw-joint
- Difficulty in maintaining dentures
- Severe dental problems such as dry or decay mouth
- Problem in grinding with teeth
A wide range of procedures are used in prosthodontic treatment to correct different dental conditions. The treatment procedures include:
- Damaged Teeth Restoration
The teeth can get decayed or damaged due to various reasons. The reasons include trauma, accidents, failed restorations, reduced flow of salivary and teeth grinding. The complexity of such dental condition varies in every person. To correct these deformities, prosthodontists mainly use veneers, crowns, or fillings.
- Replacement Of Missing Teeth
Depending upon the needs of the patient, a variety of options are available in prosthodontics to replace missing or lost teeth. Prosthodontics provide a high-quality and effective care for all patients. The treatment involves use of partial or complete denture (fixed or removable), a fixed bridge, or a combination of these treatments.
- Oral Implants
Oral implant is one of the significant advances in the present era of dentistry. They act as a support for the artificial prosthesis used in mouth. The provide long-term success to dental treatment. It is an alternative for patients with missing teeth. Healthy gums and tissues are essential for using oral implants.
- Aesthetic And Cosmetic Dentistry
Prosthodontics mainly deals with work related to cosmetics treatments. It makes use of artificial materials (prosthesis) to replace damaged oral parts. The prosthesis is such chosen that it gets mixed properly with the oral surroundings. The various procedures in cosmetic treatment include color matching, reshaping of teeth, whitening and bonding methods, and placement of fixed or removable prosthesis.
- Complex Cases
Biting problems in patients are often common these days. An in-depth treatment procedures are opted to correct biting issue. Other complex condition mainly treated are congenital defects. These include temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD), cleft palate, or traumatic injuries.